Lauderdale County vs. Mississippi
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2019
Introduction
Lauderdale County vs. Mississippi
Lauderdale County:
2019 Jobs = 45,232
2019 Percent of State = 2.8%
Mississippi:
2019 Jobs = 1,617,430
2019 Percent of U.S. = 0.8%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Lauderdale County to work are included in the employment count for Lauderdale County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wages and salaries and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2019
Total Employment, 1969-2019
Figure 1.
Figure 1 traces Lauderdale County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2019 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 51-year period, Lauderdale County's total employment rose from 32,230 in 1969 to 45,232 in 2019, for a net gain of 13,002, or 40.3%.
Total Employment, 1969-2019
Total Employment, 1969-2019
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Mississippi's annual total employment for the period 1969-2019 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 51-year period, Mississippi's total employment rose from 908,677 in 1969 to 1,617,430 in 2019, for a net gain of 708,753, or 78.0%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2019
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2019
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Lauderdale County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Mississippi, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Lauderdale County's overall total employment growth was 40.3% over 1969-2019 trailed Mississippi's increase of 78.0%, and fell below the United States' increase of 123.8%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Mississippi Total: 1969-2019
Total Employment as a Percent of the Mississippi Total: 1969-2019
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the total employment growth of Lauderdale County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Mississippi's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Mississippi's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Lauderdale County's total employment comprised 3.5% of Mississippi's total employment, while in 2019 it equated to 2.8% thereby yielding a -0.8% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2019 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2019
vs.
1969
-0.75%
=
2.80%
-
3.55%
 
   
Lauderdale County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2019
Lauderdale County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2019
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Lauderdale County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2019. The average annual percent change for the entire 50-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Lauderdale County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 0.70% over 1970-2019. The county posted its highest growth in 1972 (6.18%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2009 (-5.37%). In 2019, Lauderdale County's total employment grew by 0.39%
Lauderdale County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2019
Lauderdale County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2019
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Lauderdale County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2019.
During the 1970s, Lauderdale County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 1.87%. It averaged 0.55% in the 1980s, 1.19% throughout the 1990s, -0.20% throughout the 2000s, and 0.08% thus far this decade (2010 to 2019).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Lauderdale County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Mississippi and the nation. As the chart reveals, Lauderdale County's average annual total employment growth amounted to less than Mississippi's average during the 1970s (1.87% vs. 2.08%), amounted to less than Mississippi's average in the 1980s (0.55% vs. 0.66%), trailed Mississippi's average throughout the 1990s (1.19% vs. 2.15%), fell below Mississippi's average throughout the 2000s (-0.20% vs. 0.16%), and fell below Mississippi's average over the 10 year period of the last decade, 2010-2019 (0.08% vs. 0.81%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Lauderdale County recorded underneath the nation in the 1970s (1.87% vs. 2.21%), fell under the nation throughout the 1980s (0.55% vs. 1.88%), posted below the nation throughout the 1990s (1.19% vs. 1.73%), trailed the nation during the 2000s (-0.20% vs. 0.74%), and trailed the nation over 2010-2019 (0.08% vs. 1.62%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.70
1.87
0.55
1.19
-0.20
0.08
0.39
 
1.17
2.08
0.66
2.15
0.16
0.81
0.98
 
1.63
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.62
1.76
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2019
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2019
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Lauderdale County, Mississippi and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.62 between 1969 and 2019. Lauderdale County's job ratio registered 0.48 in 1969, and 0.61 in 2019. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2019
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2019
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Lauderdale County's, Mississippi's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2019.

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Lauderdale County:
Total Employment, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
32,230
100.0
N
3.55
0.48
105.85
1970
 
31,978
99.2
-0.78
3.49
0.48
106.06
1971
 
32,751
101.6
2.42
3.49
0.47
106.33
1972
 
34,775
107.9
6.18
3.55
0.49
107.67
1973
 
35,662
110.6
2.55
3.50
0.49
104.90
1974
 
35,750
110.9
0.25
3.47
0.48
103.28
1975
 
35,523
110.2
-0.63
3.55
0.47
103.29
1976
 
35,331
109.6
-0.54
3.40
0.47
99.75
1977
 
36,731
114.0
3.96
3.43
0.48
100.85
1978
 
37,738
117.1
2.74
3.43
0.50
100.34
1979
 
38,688
120.0
2.52
3.47
0.50
99.80
1980
 
37,871
117.5
-2.11
3.41
0.49
97.37
1981
 
37,333
115.8
-1.42
3.37
0.48
95.11
1982
 
36,586
113.5
-2.00
3.39
0.47
95.10
1983
 
37,739
117.1
3.15
3.47
0.48
97.62
1984
 
39,148
121.5
3.73
3.50
0.50
97.24
1985
 
39,688
123.1
1.38
3.53
0.51
97.33
1986
 
39,680
123.1
-0.02
3.51
0.51
96.54
1987
 
39,639
123.0
-0.10
3.47
0.51
95.05
1988
 
40,304
125.1
1.68
3.45
0.52
94.89
1989
 
40,808
126.6
1.25
3.43
0.54
97.50
1990
 
41,202
127.8
0.97
3.43
0.55
98.39
1991
 
41,264
128.0
0.15
3.41
0.54
99.87
1992
 
41,186
127.8
-0.19
3.34
0.54
99.64
1993
 
42,964
133.3
4.32
3.34
0.56
102.85
1994
 
43,325
134.4
0.84
3.25
0.56
102.18
1995
 
44,833
139.1
3.48
3.28
0.57
103.37
1996
 
45,142
140.1
0.69
3.25
0.58
103.00
1997
 
45,658
141.7
1.14
3.23
0.58
103.00
1998
 
45,806
142.1
0.32
3.17
0.59
102.56
1999
 
45,881
142.4
0.16
3.12
0.59
101.32
2000
 
45,692
141.8
-0.41
3.10
0.58
99.70
2001
 
44,990
139.6
-1.54
3.09
0.58
99.58
2002
 
45,314
140.6
0.72
3.11
0.58
101.24
2003
 
45,783
142.1
1.04
3.15
0.59
102.52
2004
 
46,165
143.2
0.83
3.15
0.59
102.57
2005
 
46,385
143.9
0.48
3.15
0.59
101.87
2006
 
47,188
146.4
1.73
3.13
0.60
102.56
2007
 
47,435
147.2
0.52
3.08
0.60
101.00
2008
 
47,435
147.2
0.00
3.09
0.60
101.03
2009
 
44,889
139.3
-5.37
3.01
0.56
98.79
2010
 
44,526
138.2
-0.81
2.99
0.55
99.08
2011
 
45,709
141.8
2.66
3.03
0.57
100.28
2012
 
45,260
140.4
-0.98
2.98
0.56
98.88
2013
 
45,932
142.5
1.48
3.00
0.57
99.23
2014
 
45,684
141.7
-0.54
2.93
0.58
98.50
2015
 
45,715
141.8
0.07
2.92
0.58
98.30
2016
 
45,442
141.0
-0.60
2.88
0.59
98.08
2017
 
45,502
141.2
0.13
2.86
0.60
98.70
2018
 
45,055
139.8
-0.98
2.81
0.60
97.68
2019
 
45,232
140.3
0.39
2.80
0.61
98.28
Source: Calculations by the Mississippi Regional Economic Analysis Project (MS-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Mississippi:
Total Employment, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
908,677
100.0
N
1.00
0.41
90.49
1970
 
916,796
100.9
0.89
1.00
0.41
92.16
1971
 
938,968
103.3
2.42
1.03
0.41
93.60
1972
 
978,740
107.7
4.24
1.04
0.42
94.13
1973
 
1,019,427
112.2
4.16
1.04
0.43
93.16
1974
 
1,031,293
113.5
1.16
1.03
0.43
92.39
1975
 
1,000,814
110.1
-2.96
1.01
0.42
90.85
1976
 
1,038,827
114.3
3.80
1.02
0.43
91.54
1977
 
1,070,753
117.8
3.07
1.02
0.44
91.07
1978
 
1,100,550
121.1
2.78
1.00
0.44
89.57
1979
 
1,114,375
122.6
1.26
0.98
0.44
88.19
1980
 
1,111,313
122.3
-0.27
0.97
0.44
87.73
1981
 
1,106,596
121.8
-0.42
0.96
0.44
87.03
1982
 
1,079,218
118.8
-2.47
0.95
0.42
85.65
1983
 
1,087,581
119.7
0.77
0.94
0.42
85.63
1984
 
1,117,040
122.9
2.71
0.93
0.43
84.78
1985
 
1,123,930
123.7
0.62
0.91
0.43
83.46
1986
 
1,130,753
124.4
0.61
0.90
0.44
82.94
1987
 
1,141,343
125.6
0.94
0.88
0.44
82.46
1988
 
1,169,037
128.7
2.43
0.88
0.45
82.93
1989
 
1,188,891
130.8
1.70
0.87
0.46
83.71
1990
 
1,202,603
132.3
1.15
0.87
0.47
84.15
1991
 
1,210,948
133.3
0.69
0.88
0.47
85.66
1992
 
1,233,701
135.8
1.88
0.89
0.47
87.30
1993
 
1,286,919
141.6
4.31
0.91
0.48
89.49
1994
 
1,334,700
146.9
3.71
0.93
0.50
90.57
1995
 
1,365,437
150.3
2.30
0.92
0.50
90.28
1996
 
1,389,237
152.9
1.74
0.92
0.51
90.16
1997
 
1,415,330
155.8
1.88
0.92
0.51
89.92
1998
 
1,445,429
159.1
2.13
0.91
0.52
89.70
1999
 
1,469,707
161.7
1.68
0.91
0.52
89.76
2000
 
1,476,295
162.5
0.45
0.89
0.52
88.43
2001
 
1,455,992
160.2
-1.38
0.88
0.51
87.86
2002
 
1,454,774
160.1
-0.08
0.88
0.51
88.66
2003
 
1,452,904
159.9
-0.13
0.88
0.51
88.57
2004
 
1,463,644
161.1
0.74
0.87
0.51
87.86
2005
 
1,473,716
162.2
0.69
0.86
0.51
86.96
2006
 
1,508,314
166.0
2.35
0.86
0.52
88.09
2007
 
1,538,802
169.3
2.02
0.86
0.53
88.16
2008
 
1,537,431
169.2
-0.09
0.86
0.52
88.50
2009
 
1,492,290
164.2
-2.94
0.86
0.50
89.11
2010
 
1,490,731
164.1
-0.10
0.86
0.50
89.78
2011
 
1,509,941
166.2
1.29
0.86
0.51
89.69
2012
 
1,519,719
167.2
0.65
0.85
0.51
89.31
2013
 
1,532,583
168.7
0.85
0.84
0.51
88.87
2014
 
1,556,753
171.3
1.58
0.84
0.52
88.97
2015
 
1,568,218
172.6
0.74
0.82
0.52
88.40
2016
 
1,579,873
173.9
0.74
0.82
0.53
88.30
2017
 
1,589,961
175.0
0.64
0.81
0.53
88.06
2018
 
1,601,728
176.3
0.74
0.80
0.54
87.64
2019
 
1,617,430
178.0
0.98
0.79
0.54
87.53
Source: Calculations by the Mississippi Regional Economic Analysis Project (MS-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2019
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,233,800
204.5
2.14
0.59
2015
 
190,325,800
209.0
2.20
0.59
2016
 
193,378,900
212.4
1.60
0.60
2017
 
196,337,100
215.6
1.53
0.60
2018
 
200,284,200
220.0
2.01
0.61
2019
 
203,809,500
223.8
1.76
0.62
Source: Calculations by the Mississippi Regional Economic Analysis Project (MS-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2020
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2021. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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